Treatment in Ayurveda – 5
Nasal Administration (Nasya)
Nasya is the nasal administration of medicine. According to Ayurveda, the nose is the doorway to the head and consciousness. It is the passageway in which the life force energy enters the body in the form of prana or oxygen. The excess of bodily humours or doshas that accumulate in the throat, nose, sinus or head are eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening. The nose is the preferred channel for treatment of all the diseases of eyes, ears, nose, throat, head and above the chest. In nasal administration or Nasya therapy, this channel is utilized to deliver a combination of medicated oils, powders and many herbal extracts to effect cure to these diseases. Apart from facilitating the vital entry of the life-sustaining oxygen into the body, the upper respiratory tract also helps in reducing the weight of the skull, helps in adding humidity to the air inhaled and also helps in the resonance of the voice.
Nasal treatment can be administered every day as a preventive health measure. During the spring season, it is a very effective preventive health measure, because during spring one becomes prone to various types of seasonal allergies.
An Ayurvedic physician chooses the material for Nasya after evaluating the body constitution, the state of balance of doshas and types of diseases. Two most preferred therapeutic oils of used arefor the diseases of sinusitis and for the most of the diseases related to the head, including migraine. These oils are Anu Tailam and Khseerabala.
The nasal administration or Nasya is a procedure that should be done with utmost care. The quality and quantity of the material to be used should be specific. The nasal administration should not be done in overcast and rainy weather conditions. It should not be administered under the age of eight years and over the age of 80 years. It should always be done under the supervision of a trained physician. Nasya should not be administered after bath, food, during pregnancy or those who have gone any sort of nasal surgery.
Some of the common types of Nasya are:
- Virechana Nasya: It involves the use of powders or herbs into the nose. This therapy is helpful to manage Kapha related disorders.
- Shamana Nasya: In it medicated oils with Tikta Ghee (Ghee that has in it many herbs) is used for Vata and Pitta disorders. Since Tikta oil is bitter and enhances Vata in the body, therefore for people having excess of Vata it should not be given and in its place Vacha oil can be used.
- Brumhana Nasya: It is very beneficial for Vata disorders. Ghee, oil, salt, milk and other nourishing substances are used for it.
- Marshya Nasya: In this therapy ghee is administered into the nostrils of the person and they are massaged. It helps in providing relief from stress.
- Navana Nasya: This therapy involves the use of oils, juices and decoctions. These are used together for cleansing. The combination mainly depends on the dosha that is imbalanced.
This therapy is highly useful for the release of emotions and improving breathing patterns and also eyesight.