Treatment in Ayurveda - 4
Enema Therapy (Basti)
In Ayurveda, panchkarma is recommended at the change of seasons to help balance the shifts of doshas that has been accumulated in different organs of the body. Basti is an Ayurvedic treatment to balance the vata dosha. Vata is the primary dosha which is responsible for about 55% of all the diseases. Vata is mainly located in the colon region of the body. Basti is so beneficial that it is said it is more beneficial than cumulative benefits of all the other four karmas of panchkarma. Vata is a dosha which is mobile. Pitta and kapha get aggravated by Vata. Vata is responsible for about 80 diseases. Basti has the capability to remove all the diseases caused by the excess of vata. Basti is the different types of enemas that are given through the anal route. Basically, basti is of two types – niruha basti and asthapan basti. Niruha basti is of decoction and asthapan basti is of ghee. Before doing basti treatment sesame oil to the abdomen or lower back can be applied in clockwise direction. Full massage can also be done.
Niruha basti can best be done in the morning with an empty stomach. An endless variety of herbal decoctions can be used for it. Often dashamula is one of the ingredients as a primary herbal remedy to remove excess vata. Triphala, rock salt and honey can also be added to the dashamula. In modern variations any number of cleansing or rasayna herbs can be used that have a calming effect and give desired effect. Niruha basti can be given for 15-20 minutes or longer and if the person is comfortable it can be held for about 45 minutes. After niruha basti one can have light meal.
Asthapan basti is usually based in sesame oil, which can be plain or herbalised with supportive Ayurvedic herbs. There are a variety of traditional schedules which can use alternate of niruha basti and asthapan basti. These schedules should be followed in order to achieve desired results.
After taking basti treatment one should take care to have vata balancing meal. One should have light, grounding and oleating meal after basti. One should take rest and avoid vata provoking activities. Diseases such as backache, joint pain, any type of psoriasis, small inflammatory diseases, arthritis, etc. can be controlled by basti. Basti means something which can be hold. The oils and the other oils and rasyanas are hold by the bladder in the basti treatment.
Persons suffering from chronic indigestion, cough, breathlessness, diarrhea, diabetes or severe anemia, aged people and children below the age of seven years should not do basti.