Treatment In Ayurveda -- 3
Purgation Therapy (Virechan)
Virechan is the second part of panchkarma. It is one of the five parts of the Panchkarma to detox the body. The term Virechan is a Sanskrit word that means ‘laxative’ or ‘purging’. The first part of the Panchkarma is Vaman and the second is Virechan Karm. Virechana is a controlled process that gathers ama (toxins) from many Pitta locations in the body. In Virechana the toxic disease-causing pitta is removed and new pitta is formed that promotes health and metabolism. In case any ailment that is there below the chest and up to the anus whether it is in intestines, in gall bladder, or spleen then virechan karm is done.
In Ayurveda the reason of every ailment is imbalance in any of the doshas. In that case the disease is eliminated by anus and this is what we call Virechan Karm. A number of herbs may be used for Virechana karm. These herbs act as purgatives and laxatives. Virechana karma is done only after diagnosing the nature of the disease.
The herbs that are used to perform Virechana karma aim at cleansing the sweat glands, small intestine, colon, stomach, liver and spleen. Virechana is good for all types of pitta related disorders like hyperacidity, colitis, acid peptic disease, piles, chronic headaches, migraine, some types of diabetes, allergies, skin diseases like acne, eczema, leprosy, leucoderma, etc.
These are the following stages of Virechana karma:
Preparatory Stage: First 3 days is the preparatory stage. The person is to consume whole organic food to enhance the digestive system.
Internal Oleation: The next 3 days are oleation period or Snehana. It is the most crucial stage in Virechana. It includes consuming ghee or oil. The dosage is determined by the Ayurveda physician.
External Oleation: In it Abhyanga or medicated oil massage is done. This massage is scheduled at the end of internal oleation period. It included 45-minute massage with 15 minutes of steam therapy.
Purgation Therapy: This is done towards the end of the panchkarma after the doshas has softened. Now the toxins are loosened due to copious amount of ingested ghee and copious amount of oil rubbed. The laxative removes the toxins accumulated in liver and gall bladder. In this way it cleans the gastrointestinal tract.
Post Panchkarma: After Virechana one should not rush to one’s old diet. The diet intake should be increased slowly and steadily. Initially, very light diet should be taken and then slowly one should start taking one’s dosha-specific diet.
Virechana should not be performed on the persons with low agni, and other chronic or acute ailments. Virechana should always be performed under the supervision of a trained Ayurveda doctor.