Home Remedies for Burns
From the Treasury of Granny – 31
A burn is a very painful condition. Its severity generally decides whether the person should be hospitalized or not. Not all the burns need hospital treatment. They can be treated with some commonly found things in our kitchen.
Severity of the Burns
Burns can be categorized into four types:
- First-degree Burn: It is the least severe type of burn. Only the outer layer of the skin is damaged.
- Second-degree Burn: Such type of burn is severer than the first degree burn. It affects deeper layers of the skin.
- Third-degree Burn: It affects all the layers of the skin. It requires hospitalization and could not be treated at home.
- Fourth- degree Burn: This severest of the burns. It not only affects the layers of the skin, but also the bones and the joints.
Symptoms of the Burns
These are the typical symptoms of first-degree burns:
- Redness of the skin
- Minor swelling
Home Remedies for the Burns
- Running Cold Water Over the Burn: Running cool water on first and second degree burns for 20 minutes can prove very beneficial. However, it should be kept in mind that cool water should be run on the burn not the cold water. It reduces the pain and prevents the further damage.
- Clean the Burn: After cooling the burn, it should be cleaned with anti-bacterial soap. Gentle cleaning prevents infection.
- Do not Move Out in the Sun: The burn should be kept in the shade. Moving outside in the sun can aggravate the problem. In case going out is not avoidable then the person should wear loose clothes.
- Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera is a plant that has anti-inflammatory properties. It helps in the circulation of the blood. It is a tropical remedy for treating burns and promoting wound healing.
- Honey: Honey is very beneficial in soothing burnt skin. Some honey should be applied to the bandage and this bandage should be placed over the burn. It helps in reducing pain and healing burns.
- Cool Compresses: A cool compress or clean wet cloth placed over the burnt area is helpful in relieve pain and swelling. However, using cold compresses can irritate the burn more.
- Vanilla: Vanilla is very helpful in relieving pain arising due to minor burns. Vanilla extract should be applied on the swab of cotton and then applied on the burn. It helps in alleviating pain.
Things to Avoid
- Oils: Contrary to the general belief the oils do not help in healing the burns. In fact, they might aggravate the problem. They trap heat, preventing it from escaping the burn.
- Butter: Like oils, rubbing butter over the burn might prove harmful. It may make the burn worse.
- Egg Whites: Spreading an uncooked egg on a burn does not help in healing the burn. It may aggravate the problem by increasing the risk of infection.
- Ice: Many people think that ice is more beneficial in a burn than cool water. No doubt, cool water is extremely beneficial in treating a burn; however, ice causes more harm than good. It causes further irritation.
First and second degree burns can be treated at home and do not require any particular attention. In case infection develops then the doctor should be consulted immediately. Moreover, third and fourth degree burns are very serious and they need immediate medical help and hospitalization. The problem of burns is very serious and serious and serious ailments need serious treatment.