Introduction to Three Doshas
There are three basic doshas in Ayurveda. These are termed as Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha. When they are in balance the person is healthy and when there is a lack of balance between the three human body falls prey to different ailments. Every individual has Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha in them. However some are Vatta dominant, others are Pitta dominant while still others are Kapha dominant. A person’s personality depends upon the dominance of any of these doshas. There are sub-types of these doshas which will be discussed in subsequent blogs.
Characteristics of Persons According to Each Dosha Dominance
Vatta is derived from the elements of space and air. It is the energy of movement as it governs all biological activities of the body. It gives life force to Pitta and Kapha. Thus we can say that Vatta is the king of all doshas.
Persons with vatta dominance have dry and thin bodies. They generally remain restive and can’t sleep peacefully. They generally do not wake up fresh. The gait is light and voice is hoarse. They always feel restlessness and keep on fidgeting with their fingers and also keep shaking their legs.
Though they are impulsive and full of energy, yet they tire quickly. They catch cold frequently. They like to have small quantities of meals throughout the day. They have dry skins and often need to moisture it.
People with Vatta dominance are quick learners however they forget quickly also. They generally become great orators, dancers, singers, artists, and salespersons. They lack daily routine and also tend to leave their tasks unfinished.
Pitta is derived from the elements of Fire and Water. It means “that which cooks.”
Pitta is basically the energy of digestion and metabolism in the body that functions through carrier substances such as organic acids, hormones, enzymes, and bile. Though Pitta is most closely related to the element of Fire yet it is the liquid nature of these substances that accounts for the element of Water in the make-up of Pitta.
Persons with pitta dominance generally don’t like hot things. They are obese and gluttons. They like big and hearty meals. They are fair-skinned. They are generally vulnerable to skin problems like acne, moles, etc. They are quick to anger; however, they never hold grudges for long. Such persons are sharp, intelligent; however, they love to show off. They generally become good leaders. Their body smell is pungent.
Kapha is derived from the elements of Earth and Water which means “that which sticks.” It is the energy of building and lubrication. It provides the body with physical form, structure, and the smooth functioning of all its parts. It is the essential cement, glue, and lubrication of the body.
Persons with kapha dominance have broad bodies and they are covered with fat. Their hair, skin, and nail are well moisturized. They seldom suffer dryness. They have straight and deep black hair. Their skin can range from dark to fair, however, it is always smooth and radiant.
They have strong bodies but they are often lazy. They move with great difficulty. They can get their work done with their own pace and perfection. Their gait is stable and such people lack intense hunger and thirst.
People with kapha dominance make excellent researchers and thinkers. They make good doctors and psychiatrists. They are good at employing people. They can become good investors.
Balance of Tridosha in Human Body
Generally, all the doshas are not balanced in the human body. However, persons with balanced doshas are free of all diseases. Generally, good lifestyle practices maintain these doshas harmoniously.
Imbalance of Tridosha in Human Body
Such people find it very hard to stay healthy. They suffer from one ailment or another. They often fail to find good health. They can attain good health by following a stringent diet and lifestyle.
Subtypes of Doshas
There are further subtypes of these doshas. We shall discuss all these in our subsequent blogs.
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